**An Economy with Investment**

Consider a two-period model of a small open economy with a single good. Let preferences of the representative household be described by the utility function ln C1 + ln C2,

where C1 and C2 denote consumption in periods 1 and 2, respectively. In period 1, the household receives an endowment of Q1 = 10. In period 2, the household receives profits, denoted by Π2, from the firm it owns. The firm invests in period 1 to be able to produce goods in period 2. The production technology in period 2 is given by

Q2 = √I1

where Q2 and I1 denote output in period 2 and investment in period 1, respectively. The household and the firm have access to financial markets where they can borrow or lend. Assume that there exists free international capital mobility and that the world interest rate, r∗, is 10% each period (i.e., r0 = r1 = r∗ = 0.1, where rt is the interest rate on assets held between periods t and t + 1). Finally, assume that the economy’s initial net foreign asset position is zero (B0 = 0).

(a) Compute the firm’s optimal levels of investment in period 1 and the profits in period 2.

(c) Find the country’s net foreign asset position at the end of period 1 and, for each of the periods 1 and 2, the country’s savings, trade balance and current account balance.

(d) Now consider an investment surge. Specifically, assume that as a result of a technological improvement, the production technology becomes Q2 = 2√I1.

Find the period 1 equilibrium level of investment, the period 1 and period 2

equilibrium levels of savings, the trade balance, the current account balance,

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ECON 7520 SEMESTER 1, 2023

and the country’s net foreign asset position at the end of period 1. Compare your results with those obtained in parts (a)-(c) providing interpretation and intuition.